How many keys on a Piano?

Last Updated

In most cases, the keys on a piano are almost always eighty-eight. Fifty-two are white and thirty-six black. The arrangement of the keys is seven octaves plus two initial notes (a third interval, from B to first C).

In practice, starting from the left, the white keys indicate the seven notes. These are: la, si, do, re, mi, fa, and sol. The major scale follows this series six times. Finally, the final C ends the keyboard.

The black keys are alterations, that is, the flats or sharps, and produce a higher or lower sound by half a tone compared to the neighboring white keys.

Electrical notes #

Some piano models, the grand piano, for example, add nine more keys. These lie on the bass side. That is, on the left. Thus, this extra set generates the eight complete octave.

On the other hand, electronic keyboards may also have fewer keys than acoustic pianos. For example, there are 76-key electronic pianos and 61-key keyboards (five octaves), or even 49-key keyboards (four octaves).

The piano keyboard #

The seven notes, that we now know, form a block called an octave. The keys on a piano repeat this series within the keyboard several times.

Each octave generates a different pitch. The octaves on the left of the piano are the lowest notes and the octaves on the right are the highest.

This could be confusing because you might be wondering how the first C (or DO) differs from the others. And why don't they continue with the letters or names?

For pure usability, the 7-note tonal system has established itself over time. Classical musicians found it to be the most straightforward form of writing music. The octaves repeat upwards or downwards in blocks of seven as a simple convention.

Each note also represents a specific Hertz frequency. So, a low C note will generate a Hertz amount, which is different than a higher C note produces. Therefore, both notes, although called C, are distinctive sounds.

How many keys do you need? #

The 61 key keyboard is optimal to start learning the piano. This is the format of entry-level electronic pianos. It is convenient and represents a high-quality portable solution that makes learning easy and fun. It offers realistic sound, and the latest models can connect with apps that help to practice the tunes. The 49keys version only has four octaves but takes up less space.

A 76 key piano focuses on the musician's inspiration and the pleasure of playing the piano. It presents a portable design similar to the best grand pianos keyboards. This is a great choice for semi-professional musicians who do gigs for parties and events.

The 88 key piano is the standard format. This is the stereotypical image of a piano that we have in our minds. It allows for two people to play at the same time.

When learning to play the piano, having 88 keys available makes the difference. Although smaller keyboards are portable and easy to handle for younger players, a standard-sized 88-key keyboard helps a lot. Musicians develop the correct technique, and it allows you to become a more expressive performer.

Check out our Casio keyboard reviews:

Casio WK6600 Review: The Perfect 76-Key Casio Keyboard For Intermediate Piano Players
Our Casio CTK 2400 Review: 8 Big Reasons It's One Of The Best Starter Keyboards For Learning Piano in 2020
Our Casio LK 280 Review: The Best Casio Portable Beginner Keyboard In 2020
Our Casio LK 175 Review: 8 Compelling Reasons This Is The Beginner Keyboard For You in 2020
Our Detailed Casio CTK 6200 Review: 8 Reasons It's One Of The Best Piano Keyboard For Under $200
Our Casio CTK 3200 Review: 9 Solid Reasons It's A Highly Recommended Beginner Keyboard in 2020
Casio CTK 4400 Review: 8 Reasons Why It's One Of The Best Casio Keyboards For Beginners
Casio WK-245 Review: Is This The Best 76-Key Casio Keyboard In 2020?

Check out our Yamaha keyboard reviews:

Our Yamaha PSR E453 Review: The Best Digital Keyboard Under $300 in 2020
Yamaha PSR-EW400 Review: Best 76-Key Digital Keyboards Under $300 in 2020
Yamaha YPG-235 Review: Find Out Why It's Still A Top Notch 76-Key Keyboard In 2020
Our Yamaha NP-32 Review: 6 Reasons Why It's The Perfect 76-Key Lightweight Portable Keyboard in 2020
Our Yamaha Piaggero NP11 Review: 10 Reasons It's The Best Lightweight Digital Keyboard in 2020
Our Yamaha EZ 220 Review: Simply The Best Portable Keyboard Under $200 in 2020
Our Yamaha YPT 255 Review: One Of The Best Beginner Keyboard Piano For Adults and Kids in 2020 Our Yamaha YPT 240 Review: 10 Reasons It's a Top Portable Keyboard To Learn Piano in 2020
Our Yamaha PSR E253 Review: 7 Reasons It's An Excellent Portable Keyboard To Learn Piano in 2020